A Few Quotes ~
"Writing, at its best, is a lonely life. Organizations for writers palliate the writer's loneliness, but I doubt if they improve his writing. He grows in public stature as he sheds his loneliness and often his work deteriorates. For he does his work alone and if he is a good enough writer he must face eternity, or the lack of it, each day."
"Do not worry. You have always written before and you will write now. All you have to do is write one true sentence. Write the truest sentence that you know."
~ A Moveable Feast (1964)
"The most essential gift for a good writer is a built-in, shock-proof, shit detector. This is the writer's radar and all great writers have had it."
BiographyErnest Hemingway (1899-1961), born in Oak Park, Illinois, started his career as a writer in a newspaper office in Kansas City at the age of seventeen. After the United States entered the First World War, he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army. Serving at the front, he was wounded, was decorated by the Italian Government, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian and American newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to cover such events as the Greek Revolution.
During the twenties, Hemingway became a member of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926). Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929), the study of an American ambulance officer's disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman's journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat.
Hemingway - himself a great sportsman - liked to portray soldiers, hunters, bullfighters - tough, at times primitive people whose courage and honesty are set against the brutal ways of modern society, and who in this confrontation lose hope and faith. His straightforward prose, his spare dialogue, and his predilection for understatement are particularly effective in his short stories, some of which are collected in Men Without Women (1927) and The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938). Hemingway died in Idaho in 1961.
From Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
This autobiography/biography was first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
|Baker, Carlos. Hemingway: The Writer as Artist. Fourth edition, Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ, 1972.|
|Bruccoli, Matthew J. (Ed.). Ernest Hemingway's apprenticeship: Oak Park, 1916-1917. NCR Microcard Editions: Washington, D.C., 1971.|
|Bruccoli, Matthew J., and Robert W. Trogdon (Eds.). The Only Thing That Counts: The Ernest Hemingway-Maxwell Perkins Correspondence 1925-1947. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1996.|
|Clifford, Stephen P. Beyond the Heroic "I": Reading Lawrence, Hemingway, and "masculinity". Bucknell Univ. Press: Cranbury, NJ, 1999.|
|Hemingway, Ernest. By-Line: Ernest Hemingway. Selected articles and dispatches of four decades. Edited by William White, with commentaries by Philip Young. Collins: London, 1968.|
|- Complete poems. Edited with an introduction and notes by Nicholas Gerogiannis. Rev. ed., University of Nebraska Press: Lincoln, 1992.|
|- The Complete Short Stories. The Finca Vigía ed. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1998.|
|- Death in the Afternoon. Jonathan Cape: London, 1932.|
|- Ernest Hemingway: Selected Letters, 1917-1961. Ed. Carlos Baker. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1981.|
|- A Farewell to Arms. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1929.|
|- Fiesta. Jonathan Cape: London, 1927.|
|- For Whom the Bell Tolls. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York 1940.|
|- The Garden of Eden. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1986.|
|- Green Hills of Africa. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York 1935.|
|- In Our Time. Boni and Liveright: New York, 1925.|
|- Islands in the Stream. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1970.|
|- A Moveable Feast. Jonathan Cape: London, 1964.|
|- The Nick Adams Stories. Preface by Philip Young. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1972.|
|- The Old Man and the Sea. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1952.|
|- Selected Letters 1917-1961. Ed. Carlos Baker. Panther Books/Granada Publishing: London 1985(1981).|
|- The Snows of Kilimanjaro and other stories, Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1961.|
|- The Sun also rises. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1928(1926).|
|- The Torrents of Spring: A Romantic Novel in Honor of the Passing of a Great Race. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1926.|
|- Three Stories & Ten Poems: Ernest Hemingway's First Book. A facsimile of the original Paris Edition published in 1923. Bruccoli Clark Books: Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, 1977.|
|- True at First Light. Edited with an Introduction by Patrick Hemingway. Arrow Books/Random House: London 1999.|
|- Winner Take Nothing. Charles Scribner's Sons: New York, 1933.|
|Josephs, Allen. For Whom the Bell Tolls: Ernest Hemingway's Undiscovered Country. Twayne: New York, 1994.|
|Lacasse, Rodolphe. Hemingway et Malraux: destins de l'homme. Profils; 6, Montréal 1972.|
|Lynn. Kenneth S. Hemingway. Simon and Schuster: London, 1987.|
|Mandel, Miriam. Reading Hemingway: The Facts in the Fictions. Scarecrow Press: Metuchen, NJ and London, 1995.|
|Meyers, Jeffrey. Hemingway: A Biography. New York, 1985 (Macmillan: London, 1986 (Harper & Row: New York 1985).|
|Nelson, Gerald B. & Glory Jones. Hemingway: Life and Works. Facts On File Publications: New York, 1984.|
|Palin, Michael. Hemingway's Travels. Weidenfeld & Nicolson: London, 1999.|
|Phillips, Larry W (Ed). Ernest Hemingway on Writing. Grafton Books: London, 1986 (1984).|
|Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingway: an Annotated Chronology: an Outline of the Author's Life and Career Detailing Significant Events, Friendships, Travels, and Achievements. Omni chronology series, 1 Omnigraphics, Inc: Detroit, MI, 1991.|
|Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingway: The Final Years. W.W. Norton: New York 1999.|
|Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingway: the Homecoming. W.W. Norton: New York, 1999.|
|Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingway: the Paris years. W.W. Norton: New York 1999.|
|Reynolds, Michael S. The Young Hemingway. W.W. Norton: New York, 1998.|
|Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingway's First War: The Making of A Farewell to Arms. Basil Blackwell: New York and Oxford, 1987 (Princeton U.P. 1976).|
|Trogdon, Robert W. (Ed.). Ernest Hemingway: A Documentary Volume. In: Dictionary of Literary Biography (series) Vol. 210. Gale Research Inc.: Detroit, Michigan, 1999.|
|Wagner-Martin, Linda (Ed.). A Historical Guide to Ernest Hemingway. Oxford University Press: New York and Oxford, 2000|
|The John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts, has an extensive collection of books and manuscripts, and holds more than 10,000 photos of Ernest Hemingway.|
Cuba History : Ernest Hemingway
Ernest Hemingway isn't just remembered in Cuba, he's an institution and a cottage industry. The rambunctious American writer first started frequenting the island in the 1920s, when he was living just across the straits in Key West, the southernmost of the islands on the tip of the U.S. state of Florida. He moved there with his third wife Martha Gellhorn in 1940 and lived there until 1960, when he returned to the United States for medical treatment. He committed suicide the following year in Ketchum, Idaho.
Cuba formed the backdrop for a lot of his writing, particularly 'The Old Man and the Sea', and the farm he lived in became a pilgrimage in the 1950s for Hollywood's rich and fashionable. Hemingway was genuinely loved in Cuba, where he was known simply as "Ernesto" (his rather self-conscious attempts to spread his own preferred nickname of "Papa" were not quite as successful). In his turn, he donated his own Nobel prize for Literature to the Cuban people, and when the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista was overthrown by Castro in 1959 he was reported to have been delighted.
Hemingway met Castro in 1960, when Fidel awarded him several prizes for big game fishing. As narcissists obsessed with their own macho images, the two men had a lot in common. He described the revolution as 'an honest' one but it also has to be remembered that he died before Castro had declared himself to be a Communist.
All his haunts have now, predictably, become tourist meccas in Cuba. Starting with the Floridita bar he used to frequent in Havana, to his farm Finca Vigia which now lies on the edge of the expanding city, to the little fishing village of Cojimar 10 km east of Havana where he kept his yacht. Finca Vigia is now a museum with Hemingway's library of 9,000 books, stuffed heads and the typewriter he used to compose many of his masterpieces all laid out just as they were. One thing which might alarm Castro supporters and revolutionaries the world over is that the Cuban leader was reported to have taken Hemingway's 'For Whom the Bell Tolls' - an account of the Spanish civil war - into the Sierra with him in the 1950s to read as an example of guerrilla war. Master wordsmith Hemingway certainly was but history has shown him to be a rather less reliable historian or journalist!
Favorite spots of Ernest Hemingway:
"La Bodeguita del Medio", the bar in Habana Vieja where he used to drink his Mojitos.
"La Floridita" In Habana Vieja as well for drinking his Daiquiries.
Both bars are today very touristic and expensive places.
The Museo Hemingway
Monday to Saturday:
Open from 9 am till 4 pm
Sunday: Open from 9 am till 12.30 pm
Admisson about $3
Ernest's fishing boat 'El Pilar' is on display here. Cojimar is used as the setting for Hemingway's Nobel prize winning novel, 'The Old Man and the Sea'.
In 1962 a huge neo-clasical monument was built here to honor Hemingway, and in its center is featured a guilded bust of the great American author and international sportsman.
Born July 11 1897, Lanzarote, Canary Islands. Hemingway's captain was probably the role model for the main character in the 'Old Man and the Sea'. He had lived at Calle 98 #209 till January 2002. He immigrated to Cuba as a 6-year-old boy onboard a ship in which his father was the cook. Tragically, his father died during the voyage. Another Canary Island immigrant took care of him. Around 1930 Hemingway hired Fuentes to captain his boat, 'El
Pilar', named after his wife at the time. After Hemingway left Cuba Fuentes donated the boat to the Cuban government.
January 13, 2002
HAVANA, Cuba (AP) -- Gregorio Fuentes, who was boat captain to Ernest Hemingway when the late American writer lived in Cuba, died early Sunday at age 104, his family
said. Fuentes had suffered from cancer.
For nearly 30 years, Fuentes was captain, cook and friend to the American writer.
Many say he was the inspiration for the protagonist in Hemingway's classic 'The
Old Man and the Sea'.
"He died in the house he had always lived in," his grandson Rafael Fuentes, 48, told
The Associated Press. He has buried Sunday afternoon.
Tuesday, 12 November, 2002, 12:48 GMT
Cuba agrees Hemingway deal
Castro has read For Whom the Bell Tolls three times
Cuba has agreed to a US-funded project to preserve thousands of Ernest Hemingway's artefacts, including a rejected epilogue for his classic work For Whom the Bell Tolls.
President Fidel Castro joined Hemingway family members and US congressman James McGovern to make the announcement at a ceremony on the writer's Havana estate.
Under the agreement, all Hemingway documents will be copied by digitalisation and microfilm and copies stored in the JFK Library in Boston.
The conservation plan includes the restoration of the wooden power boat Hemingway used for deep sea fishing and for occasionally patrolling German submarines among the islands of the Gulf Stream during World War II.
Hemingway made Cuba his home
More than 2,000 documents, including manuscript material and letters from Hemingway to his wife, Mary, and son, Gregory, his editor Max Perkins and Adriana Ivancich, the young Italian countess he was in love with, will also be preserved.
The bookshelves at Finca Vigia (Lookout Farm), Hemingway's nine-acre estate in San Francisco de Paula, also hold more than 9,000 books, many annotated in the margins by the Nobel prize-winning novelist.
There are some 3,000 photographs and undeveloped negatives in the house as well as bullfighting paintings, antelope heads from hunting trips to Africa and unfinished bottles of gin, Campari and Bacardi.
The manuscript material found on Hemingway's estate is expected to shed light on the final years of the writer's life.
After Hemingway's death, his widow gave the property and its belongings to the young revolutionary government of Fidel Castro.
Today it is a museum, although the public can only glimpse the interior through the windows.
Cuban curators preserved the home exactly how the Hemingways had left it, looking like the writer had "just stepped down the drive to pick up his mail", according to Jenny Phillips, granddaughter of Hemingway's editor.
Phillips hopes to raise $500,000 (£319,610) through donations to fund the project. The Rockefeller Foundation has already given an initial grant of $75,000 (£48,000).
US congressman James McGovern helped bring about the agreement between the Cuban Government and members of Hemingway's family.
He said Cuban and American people had been kept apart for too long "by political emnity and rhetoric".
Speaking at the ceremony, which he attended in his trademark green military fatigues, President Castro said he had "many things to be grateful to Hemingway for".
The 76-year-old revealed he had taken For Whom the Bell Tolls into the hills of eastern Cuba with him in his days as a guerrilla fighter.
Ernest Hemingway died on July 2, 1961. Ernest Hemingway Death:
Ernest Hemingway committed suicide on July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho. He had been released from hospitalization at the at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota for severe depression; and he had also received shock therapy. Hemingway's alcoholism is often associated with his eventual death.
Ernest Hemingway | What were the details and events surrounding Hemingway's death?
He had been on a three-day drive through some states in the north and was reported to have enjoyed himself. When he got home he had a nice dinner with his wife Mary, who sang on of their favorite songs called "Tutti Mi Chiamano Bionda". The next morning, Mary heard a shotgun go off in the house and she ran downstairs to find that Ernest had supposedly shot himself by accident while cleaning his guns. This was the cover up story she gave to the press. Although he didn't believe in suicide, as many of his stories and letters reveal, he must have found it was the only way out. A close friend,...
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All good books have one thing in common - they are truer than if they had really happened.
Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut.
I learned never to empty the well of my writing, but always to stop when there was still something there in the deep part of the well, and let it refill at night from the springs that fed it.
The game of golf would lose a great deal if croquet mallets and billiard cues were allowed on the putting green.
Never go on trips with anyone you do not love.
If two people love each other, there can be no happy end to it.
But man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated.
There is no hunting like the hunting of man, and those who have hunted armed men long enough and liked it, never care for anything else thereafter.
Related Link: Timeless Hemingway!
Ernest Hemingway had a favorite expression: il faut d'abord durer. He used the saying in his private letters and on occasion inscribed the words in books he signed for friends.
The French saying translates to "first, one must last." Ernest Hemingway is a writer who truly has lasted. He has earned the distinction of being called timeless.
Timeless Hemingway includes a wealth of information about Ernest Hemingway. The principal pages of the web site are described below.
The A Room
Hemingway Research Guide
Hemingway Quote Finder
One True Sentence